Tenses tabel

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Examples Examples Examples
Tense Signal words Use Form
affirmative negative interrogative
every day
something happens repeatedly
sometimes
how often something happens
always I work. I don't work. Do I work?
one action follows another
often Infinitive He works. He doesn't work. Does he work?
Simple
Present things in general
usually he/she/it + -s I go. I don't go. Do I go?
after the following verbs (to love,
seldom to hate, to think, etc.) He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?

never future meaning: timetables,
programmes
first ... then
now I'm working. I'm not working. Am I working?
something is happening at the
same time of speaking or around it
at the moment He's working. He isn't working. Is he working?
Present to be (am/are/is) +
Progressive future meaning: when you have Infinitive + ing
Look! I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
already decided and arranged to
do it (a fixed plan, date)
Listen! He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
last ... I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
regular:
... ago action took place in the past, Infinitive + -ed He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
Simple mostly connected with an
Past expression of time (no connection
in 1990 to the present) irregular: I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
2. Spalte
yesterday He went. He didn't go. Did he go?




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an action happened in the middle I was working. I wasn't working. Was I working?
of another action
He was working. He wasn't working. Was he working?
Past was/were +
while someone was doing sth. at a
Progressive Infinitive + -ing
certain time (in the past) - you I was going. I wasn'tgoing. Was I going?
don't know whether it was finished
or not He was going. He wasn't going. Was he going?
just

yet

never

ever I have worked. I haven't worked. Have I worked?
you say that sth. has happened or have/has + past
is finished in the past and it has a participle*
Simple already He has worked. He hasn’t worked. Has he worked?
connection to the present
Present
Perfect *(infinitive + -ed) or
so far, I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
action started in the past and (3rd column of table
continues up to the present of irregular verbs)
up to now, He has gone. He hasn’t gone. Has he gone?

since

for

recently
I have been I haven't been Have I been
all day action began in the past and has working. working. working?
just stopped
the whole day He has been He hasn't been Has he been
Present Perfect how long the action has been have/has + been + working. working. working?
how long
Progressive happening Infinitive + -ing
since I have been going. I haven't been going. Have I been going?
emphasis: length of time of an
for action He has been He hasn't been Has he been
going. going. going?




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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

I had I hadn't Had I
mostly when two actions in a story worked. worked. worked?
had + past
already are related to each other: the
participle*
action which had already happened He had He hadn't Had he
Simple Past is put into past perfect, the other worked. worked. worked?
just
Perfect action into simple past *(infinitive + -ed) or
never (3rd column of table
I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
of irregular verbs)
the past of the Present Perfect
He had gone. He hadn't gone. Had he gone?
I had been I hadn't been Had I been
working. working. working?

how long He had been He hadn't been Had he been
how long something had been working. working. working?
Past Perfect had + been +
since happening before something else
Progressive Infinitive + ing
happened
for I had been going. I hadn't been going. Had I been going?

He had been He hadn't been Had he been
going. going. going?

predictions about the future (you I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
think that sth will happen)
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
will - future you decide to do sth. will + Infinitive
spontaneously at the time of I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?
speaking, you haven't made a main
clause in type I of the if clauses He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?
I'm going to I'm not going to Am I going to
work. work. work?

when you have already decided to
He's going to He's not going to Is he going to
do sth. in the future be (am/are/is) +
going to - future work. work. work?
going to + Infinitive
what you think what will happen
I'm going to go. I'm not going to go. Am I going to go?

He's going to go. He's not going to go. Is he going to go?




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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

An action will be in progress at a I'll be working. I won't be working. Will I be working?
certain time in the future. This
action has begun before the certain He'll be working. He won't be working. Will he be working?
Future time. will + be + Infinitive
Progressive + ing
I'll be going. I won't be going. Will I be going?
Something happens because it
normally happens. He'll be going. He won't be going. Will he be going?
I'll have worked. I won't have worked. Will I have worked?
will + have + past
participle* He'll have He won't have Will he have
Future Perfect worked. worked.
sth. will already have happened worked?
Simple
before a certain time in the future *(infinitive + -ed) or
(3rd column of table I'll have gone. I won't have gone. Will I have gone?
of irregular verbs)
He'll have gone. He won't have gone. Will he have gone?
I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
working. working. working?

sth. will already have happened He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
Future before a certain time in the future working. working. working?
will + have + been +
Perfect
Infinitive + ing
Progressive emphasis: length of time of an I'll have been I won't have been Will I have been
action going. going. working?

He'll have been He won't have been Will he have been
going. going. working?
I would work. I wouldn't work. Would I work?

sth. that might happen
He would work. He wouldn't work. Would he work?
Conditional
would + Infinitive
Simple main clause in type II of the if
I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I work?
clauses

He would go. He wouldn't go. Would he work?




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englisch-hilfen.de – LEARNING ENGLISH ONLINE

I would be I wouldn't be Would I be
working. working. working?

sth. that might happen He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
Conditional would + be + working. working. working?
Progressive emphasis: length of time of an Infinitive + ing
action I would be going. I wouldn't be going. Would I be going?

He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
going. going. going?
I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
worked. worked. worked?
sth. that might have happened in
the past would + have + past
He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
participle*
worked. worked. worked?
Conditional
(It's too late now.)
Perfect *(infinitive + -ed) or
I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
(3rd column of table
main clause in type III of the if gone. gone. gone?
of irregular verbs)
clauses
He would have He wouldn't have Would he have
gone. gone. gone?
I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
working. working. working?
sth. that might have happened in
the past He would have He wouldn't have Would he
Conditional been going. been going. have been working?
would + have + been
Perfect (It's too late now.)
+ Infinitive + ing
Progressive I would have been I wouldn't have been Would I have been
emphasis: length of time of an going. going. going?
action
He would have He wouldn't have Would he
been going. been going. have been going?


We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive. Some signal words can be found in more tenses. We did not list signal words in the future . Always remember what
action is described.




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