Powerlifting is a strength sport
, consisting of three events
is allowed three attempts on each lift. The lifter’s best valid attempt on each lift
counts toward his competition
Competitors are judged against other lifters of the same gender, weight class
, and age.
Powerlifting requires specialized training techniques that are focused on strength and
. Traditional training methods dictated low repetitions with maximal weight
Started to develop in the late 19th century, when weightlifting was just beginning to develop
as a sport .
Led by the United States
and Great Britain
, the International Powerlifting Federation (IPF)
was founded in 1973 and held the first world championships
. That spurred the
establishment of the European Powerlifting Federation in 1974.
Currently, the IFP has more than 70 member countries, while something over 20 countries
belong to the WPC.
The bench press is a exercise
in which, while lying on his back, the person performing the
bench press lowers a weight to the level of the chest, then pushes it back up until the arm is
straight and the elbows are locked. The exercise focuses on the development
of the upper
There is a specific form to the bench press which reduces the chance of injury
challenges the muscles of the chest. A barbell bench press starting position
is to be lying on a
bench, with the shoulder blades pinched together to avoid
recruiting the anterior
during the lift. Feet are kept flat on the ground or end of the bench, with the buttocks always
in contact with the bench. The weight is gripped with hands
equidistant from the center of the
bar, with the elbows bent to 90° and the elbows beneath the wrists. Movement starts by lifting
the bar off the pins, and lowering it until it touches the chest. The weight is then pushed off
the chest, terminating when the arms are straight, at which point the weight can be lowered
again. After the desired number of repetitions, the bar is returned to the pins. Because of the
heavy weight that can be used and the position of the bar, a 'spotting partner
' increases the
safety of the movement at heavier weights.
Variations are intended to work
different subgroups of muscles, or work the same muscles in
slightly different ways
Type of weights- perform with dumbbells.
Becouse of the heavy
weight, it is recommended to ask your partner’s help. He is also called
as spotter. If he sees, that you can not press barbell because of strength lost, he helps you to
put the barbell back on the pins.
Incorrect form may lead to multiple types of injuries including:
torn in shoulders muscles.
back injuries due to bridging
injuries to the trapezius muscle.
cracked or broken ribs, usually the result of bouncing the bar off of the chest to add
momentum to the lift or a loss of strength causing the bar to fall onto the chest.
To avoid injuries:
bench press shirt
The world record for assisted bench press is held by Ryan Kennelly with a total weight of
1,070 lbs (485.3 kg)
The heaviest bench press without any equipment to assist is held by Scot Mendelson with a
lift of 715 lbs (324.3 kg)
The squat is a lower body
exercise. The squat is often called "the king
" by those
who believe it capable of inducing more and faster muscle growth than any other
The squat is performed by bending the legs at the knees and hips, lowering the torso between
the legs, and then reversing direction to stand up straight again. The torso leans forward to
maintain balance. Proper technique is critical, otherwise very serious injuries or gradual injury
over a period
of time can occur. The back must maintain its natural curvature and not "round
out". Lifting belts can be used to help support the lower back.
To avoid the chance of getting stuck under the bar, heavy barbell squats are best performed
either inside a power cage
or in the presence of one or more spotters, who can help to safely
return the barbell to the squat rack at the end of the set if the lifter is unable to do so.
The squat has a number of variants:
• Back squat - the bar is held on the back of the body at the base of the neck or lower
across the upper back. In powerlifting, the barbell is often held in a lower position in
order to create a lever advantage, while, in weightlifting, the barbell is often held in a
higher position in order
to keep the torso more upright in a deep squat. These
variations are called low bar and high bar
• Front squat - the weight (usually a barbell) is held in front
of the body across the
clavicles and deltoids in either a clean grip, as is used in weightlifting, or with the
arms crossed and hands placed on top of the barbell.
• Overhead squat - a barbell is held overhead in a wide-
grip; however, it is
also possible to use a closer grip if flexibility allows.
• Box squat - lifter sits
back onto a short box, momentarily relaxing the hip flexors,
before contracting them and rising off the box; the use of a box sets a consistent depth
and increases emphasis on the muscles of the posterior chain.
• Zercher squatt - the bar his held in the crooks of the arms, on the inside of the elbow.
• Hack squat - a barbell is held in the hands just behind the legs; it was invented by
early 1900s professional wrestler Georg Hackenschmidt.
• Sissy squat - a dumbbell is held behind the legs while
the heels are lifted off the
ground and the torso remains flat while the lifter leans backwards; sometimes done
with a plate held on the chest and one arm holding onto a chair or beam for support.
• Pistol squat - a freestanding one-legged squat where the non-lifting leg is held in free
• Split squat - an assisted one-legged squat where the non-lifting leg is rested on the
ground a few 'steps' behind the lifter, as if it were a static lunge
• Bulgarian squat is performed much like a split squat, but the foot of the non-lifting
leg is rested on a knee-high platform
behind the lifter.
• Hindu squat - is done without weight where the heels are raised and body weight is
placed on the toes
; the knees track far past
• Jump squat - a plyometrics exercise where the squatter jumps
off the floor
at the top
of the lift.
• Air squat - done with no weight or barbell, often at higher repetitions than other
The deadlift is exercise where one lifts
a loaded barbell off the ground from a stabilized bent-
over position. It is an excellent exercise for overall
body development if done properly.
Deadlift got its name somewhere around 200 B.C. in Rome
. After military
Roman soldiers would go out onto the field and lift their fallen
comrades onto wagons to later
be buried. Literally "lifting the dead." This was used not only to get soldiers used to battle and
death, but to also increase
strength in their back.
The record under WPO powerlifting rules is 1,003 pounds (455 kg) by Andy Bolton.
Most injureies happens to the spine, because of the wrong technique. To avoid injuries a
powerlifter can use lifting belt and lifting fleshing. Also It is very important to use right
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